Download Becoming the People of the Talmud: Oral Torah as Written by Talya Fishman PDF

By Talya Fishman

In Becoming the folk of the Talmud, Talya Fishman examines ways that conditions of transmission have formed the cultural that means of Jewish traditions. even though the Talmud's preeminence in Jewish research and its choosing position in Jewish perform are normally taken with no consideration, Fishman contends that those roles weren't solidified until eventually the overdue 11th and early 12th centuries. The inscription of Talmud—which Sefardi Jews comprehend to have happened fairly early, and Ashkenazi Jews purely later—precipitated those advancements. The stumble upon with Oral Torah as a written corpus used to be transformative for either subcultures, and it formed the jobs that Talmud got here to play in Jewish life.

What have been the historic conditions that ended in the inscription of Oral Torah in medieval Europe? How did this physique of historic rabbinic traditions, replete with felony controversies and nonlegal fabric, emerge as construed as a reference paintings and prescriptive advisor to Jewish existence? Connecting insights from geonica, medieval Jewish and Christian heritage, and orality-textuality stories, Becoming the folk of the Talmud reconstructs the method of cultural transformation that happened as soon as medieval Jews encountered the Babylonian Talmud as a written textual content. in response to Fishman, the ascription of larger authority to written textual content used to be followed through adjustments in studying behavior, compositional predilections, school room practices, techniques to adjudication, checks of the earlier, and social hierarchies. She contends that convinced medieval Jews have been conscious of those adjustments: a few famous that books had changed academics; others protested the elevation of Talmud-centered erudition and casuistic virtuosity into criteria of spiritual excellence, on the cost of religious refinement. The publication concludes with a attention of Rhineland Pietism's emergence during this context and means that contemporaneous phenomena—the prominence of customized in medieval Ashkenazi tradition and the unconventional Christian assault on Talmud—were not directly associated with the hot eminence of this written textual content in Jewish life.

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